DANIEL, YULI MARKOVICH

DANIEL, YULI MARKOVICH (1925–1988), Soviet-Russian author, son of the Soviet Yiddish writer M. Daniel . Although no original works by the younger Daniel had ever been published in the U.S.S.R., where he was known exclusively as a translator, mainly from Yiddish, and from Caucasian and Slavic languages, he acquired an international reputation as the author of a number of books smuggled out of the Soviet Union and published in the West in the early   1960s, under the pseudonym Nikolai Arzhak. These include the short novel Govorit Moskva ("This Is Moscow Speaking") and three short stories, Ruki ("Hands"), Chelovek iz Minapa ("The Man from Minap"), and Iskupleniye ("Atonement"). This Is Moscow Speaking and Other Stories appeared in an English translation in 1962. This is Moscow Speaking, a fanciful work describing a Soviet "public murder day" when citizens are free to kill one another, is the only work of his that treats a "Jewish" theme; a central character immediately ventures the guess that the "day" has been proclaimed to legalize anti-Jewish pogroms. Antisemitic motifs were prominent at the trial in February 1966 of Daniel and his friend and fellow "illegal" writer, Andrei Sinyavsky (who wrote under the pseudonym Abram Tertz). In spite of frail health resulting from wounds received while serving in the Red Army during World War II, Daniel was sentenced to five years' forced labor. The prosecutor and the authors of numerous articles published in the Soviet press before, during, and after the trial accused Daniel and Sinyavsky of slandering Soviet society by insinuating that it was not free of antisemitism. Andrei Sinyavsky, a non-Jew, had in fact devoted much attention to the problem of anti-Jewish prejudice in the U.S.S.R. Protests by leading Soviet intellectuals and strong international pressures failed to bring about the release of the two writers and Daniel's wife, Larissa Daniel-Bogoraz, herself received a prison sentence in the fall of 1968 for having participated in a street demonstration opposing the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Daniel continued to speak out even in prison camp, where he protested at the harsh conditions. He continued to write poems in prison which were published in the West. He was released from jail in 1970, lived in Moscow, and worked as a translator of literature under the pseudonym Yu. Prtrov. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Labedz and M. Hayward (eds.), On Trial; the Case of Sinyavsky (Tertz) and Daniel (Arzhak) (1967). (Maurice Friedberg)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Daniel, Yuli Markovich — ▪ Russian writer pseudonym  Nikolai Arzhak   born 1925, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. died Dec. 30, 1988, Moscow       Soviet poet and short story writer who was convicted with fellow writer Andrey D. Sinyavsky of anti Soviet slander in a sensational… …   Universalium

  • Daniel, Yuli Markovich (Arzhak, Nikolai) — (1925 88)    Russian poet and writer. He grew up in an environment of revolutionary ideas. In the 1950s he began to develop as a poet and also trans lated poetry from Ukrainian, Armenian, the Balkan languages and Yiddish. In 1965 he was arrested… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Yuli Daniel — The bookcover of The Letters from Prison Yuli Markovich Daniel (Russian: Юлий Маркович Даниэль; November 15, 1925 December 30, 1988) was a Soviet dissident writer, poet, translator and political prisoner. He frequently wrote under the pseudonyms… …   Wikipedia

  • Yuli Daniel — Yuli o Yuliy Markovich Daniel (ruso: Юлий Маркович Даниэль; 15 de noviembre de 1925 – 30 de diciembre de 1988) fue un destacado disidente soviético, además de escritor, poeta y traductor. Su disidencia con el régimen de la URSS lo convertiría en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sholokhov, Mikhail Aleksandrovich — ▪ Soviet author born May 24 [May 11, Old Style], 1905, Veshenskaya, Russia died Feb. 21, 1984, Veshenskaya, Russian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R.  Russian novelist, winner of the 1965 Nobel Prize for Literature for his novels and stories about the Cossacks… …   Universalium

  • Sinyavsky, Andrey Donatovich — ▪ 1998       Russian writer and dissident (b. Oct. 8, 1925, Moscow, U.S.S.R. d. Feb. 25, 1997, Fontenay aux Roses, near Paris, France), was imprisoned (1966) after having been convicted along with another writer, Yuly Daniel, of having published… …   Universalium

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